Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Persuasive Essay Topics For College Students

Persuasive Essay Topics For College StudentsPersuasive essay topics for college students are one of the most difficult parts of writing an essay. There are a variety of writers that find this part of the essay one of the hardest, yet extremely rewarding. They generally give up or cut their attempts at being successful, when they find themselves too overwhelmed by the many different styles of writing that exist in the world. This is the exact reason why this article is here.There are many persuasive essay topics for college students. I have written about three of them that I personally use and recommend. These three topics are: self-love, happiness, and happiness. Each of these topics has its own advantages and disadvantages. That is why it is so important to pick the right topic to use in your essay, so that you do not give up on the entire writing process.Self-Love: Many writers for college students have difficulty with this topic because they tend to write it as though they are tal king about someone else. Instead of looking at the reader as if they were one of their own, they become more objective. Unfortunately, this has the opposite effect, making the reader feel more lonely. If you are going to use this topic, make sure that you truly think about the relationship that you wish to portray with your reader. Do not simply use yourself as the main point of the essay.Happiness: If you have ever given a speech, read a book, or been on stage, then you probably have heard about happiness. It is very powerful and very important. However, we have all had moments of happiness, like winning the lottery or reading a great book. However, when those moments are mixed with sadness, stress, or worry, it tends to make us feel less happy than when we are in happiness. If you want to achieve happiness in your essay, you must pick the right topic. If you are going to be expressing joy, try to use happy subjects.Essays are often emotional. The subject of this subject can often cause people to feel out of sorts and unsure of their emotions. You can help yourself when you write with a self-emotional perspective. In order to do this, it helps to put yourself in the shoes of the reader. Remember that you are writing about your personal experiences. Be sensitive to how you may feel when you read your own work.For those who are still interested in convincing a college student that they should use persuasive essay topics for college students, there are three other things that I would recommend. Start your essay with a declaration. Even if you plan on telling your reader why they should care about your topic, make sure that you make a positive first impression. Try to present your topic in a way that will make them feel even more motivated to read through your entire essay. Remember, your audience is not limited to high school and college students.Persuasive essay topics for college students are a challenge that should not be taken lightly. There are many differe nt writers, but remember that the one who writes the best essay is the one who will be noticed by their reader. Remember that you should always choose topics that will help your audience to gain knowledge.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Essay about Napoleons Farwell Address Speech Analysis

Napoleon’s Farewell Address To The Old Guard A truly dramatic moment in history occurred on April 20, 1814, as Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France and would-be ruler of Europe said goodbye to the Old Guard after his failed invasion of Russia and defeat by the Allies. By that time, Napoleon had ruled France and surrounding countries for twenty years. Originally an officer in the French Army, he had risen to become Emperor among the political chaos following the French Revolution in which the old ruling French kings and nobility had been destroyed. Napoleon built a 500,000 strong Army, which used modern tactics and improvisation in battle to sweep across Europe and acquire an Empire for France. But in 1812, the seemingly invincible†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Soldiers of my Old Guard: I bid you farewell. For twenty years I have constantly accompanied you on the road to honor and glory. In these latter times, as in the days of our prosperity, you have invariably been models of courage and fidelity. With men such as you our cause could not be lost; but the war would have been interminable; it would have been civil war, and that would have entailed deeper misfortunes on France. I have sacrificed all of my interests to those of the country. I go, but you, my friends, will continue to serve France. Her happiness was my only thought. It will still be the object of my wishes. Do not regret my fate; if I have consented to survive, it is to serve your glory. I intend to write the history of the great achievements we have performed together. Adieu, my friends. Would I could press you all to my heart.† Napoleon Bonaparte - April 20, 1814 Following this, Napoleon was sent into exile on the little island of Elba off the coast of Italy. But ten months later, in March of 1815, he escaped back into France. Accompanied by a thousand men from his Old Guard he marched toward Paris and gathered an army of supporters along the way. Once again, Napoleon assumed the position of Emperor, but it lasted only 100 days until the battle of Waterloo and was defeated by the English and Prussian Armies on June 18, 1815. A month later he was sent into exile on the island of St. Helena off the coast of Africa. On May 5, 1821, the

Friday, May 15, 2020

How to Use Multiple Intelligences to Study for a Test

Are you one of those people who have a difficult time sitting down to study for a test? Perhaps you get distracted and lose focus easily, or maybe you are just not the type of person who likes learning new information from a book, a lecture, or a presentation. Maybe the reason you dislike studying the way youve been taught to study—sitting in a chair with an open book, reviewing your notes—is because your predominant intelligence has nothing to do with words. The theory of multiple intelligences may just be your best friend when you go to study for a test if traditional study methods arent quite suiting you.   The Theory of Multiple Intelligences The theory of multiple intelligences was developed by Dr. Howard Gardner in 1983. He was a professor of education at Harvard University, and believed that traditional intelligence, where a persons I.Q. or intelligence quotient, did not account for the many brilliant ways in which people are smart. Albert Einstein once said, â€Å"Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.†Ã‚   Instead of a the traditional one-size-fits-all approach to intelligence, Dr. Gardner stated that he believed there were eight different intelligences that covered the scope of the brilliance possible in men, women, and children. He believed that people have different intellectual abilities and are more adept in some areas than others. In general, people are able to process information in different ways, using different methods for different things. Here are the eight multiple intelligences according to his theory: Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence:  Word Smart  This type of intelligence refers to a persons ability to analyze information and produce work that involves spoken and written language like speeches, books, and emails.  Logical-Mathematical Intelligence:  Number Reasoning Smart  This type of intelligence refers to a persons ability to  develop equations and proofs, make calculations, and solve abstract problems that may or may not be related to numbers.Visual-Spatial Intelligence: Picture Smart  This type of intelligence refers to a persons ability to understand maps and other types of graphical information like charts, tables, diagrams, and pictures.  Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence: Body Smart  This type of intelligence refers to a persons ability to  use his or her own body to solve problems, find solutions or create products.Musical Intelligence: Music Smart  This type of intelligence refers to a persons ability to  create and make meaning of different types of sound.Interpersonal Intelligence: People Smart  This type of intelligence refers to a persons ability to  recognize and understand other peoples moods, desires, motivations, and intentions.Intrapersonal Intelligence: Self Smart  This type of intelligence refers to a persons ability to  recognize and understand their own moods, desires, motivations, and intentions.Naturalistic  Intelligence: Nature Smart This type of intelligence refers to a persons ability to identify and distinguish among different types of plants, animals, and weather formations found in the natural world. lt is important to note that you do not have one specific type of intelligence. Everyone has all eight types of intelligences although some types may show up stronger than others. For example, some people approach numbers warily, while others relish the idea of solving complex mathematical problems. Or, one person may quickly and easily learn lyrics and musical notes, but does not excel visually or spatially. Our aptitudes at each of the multiple intelligences can vary widely, but they are all present in each of us. Its important not to label ourselves, or students, as one type of learner with one predominant intelligence because  everyone  can benefit from learning in various ways.   Using the Theory of Multiple Intelligences to Study   When you prepare to study, whether that be for a midterm, a final exam, a chapter test or a standardized test like the ACT, SAT, GRE or even the MCAT, its important to tap into your  many  different intelligences as you take out your notes, study guide or test prep book. Why? Using a variety of methods to take information from the page to your brain can help you remember the info better and longer. Here are a few ways to use several of your multiple intelligences to do just that Tap Into Your Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence With These Study Tricks Write a letter to another person, explaining the mathematical theory youve just learned.Read your notes aloud while studying for your science chapter test.Ask someone to quiz you after youve read through the study guide for your English literature quiz.Quiz via text: text a question to your study partner and read his or her response.Download a SAT app that quizzes you daily.  Record yourself reading your Spanish notes and then listen to your recording in the car on the way to school.   Tap Into Your Logical-Mathematical Intelligence With These Study Tricks Reorganize your notes from Calculus class using an outline method like the Cornell note-taking system.  Compare and contrast different ideas (North vs.South in the Civil War) with one another.  List information into particular categories as you read through your notes. For instance, if youre studying grammar, all parts of speech go in one category while all punctuation rules go in another.  Predict outcomes that could have happened based on the material youve learned. (What would have happened had Hitler never risen to power?)Figure out what was happening in a different part of the world at the same time as what youre studying. (What was happening in Europe during the rise of Genghis Khan?)Prove or disprove a theory based on information youve learned throughout the chapter or semester. Tap Into Your Visual-Spatial Intelligence With These  Study Tricks Break down information from the text into tables, charts, or graphs.Draw a small picture next to each item in a list you need to remember. This is helpful when you have to remember lists of names, because you can  draw a likeness next to each person.Use highlighters or special symbols related to similar ideas in the text. For instance, anything related to Plains Native Americans gets highlighted yellow, and anything related to Northeast Woodlands Native Americans gets highlighted blue, etc.Rewrite your notes using an app that allows you to add pictures.  Ask your teacher if you can take pictures of the science experiment as you go so you remember what happened.   Tap Into Your Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence With These  Study Tricks Act out a scene from a play or do the extra science experiment in the back of the chapter.Rewrite your  lecture notes with pencil instead of typing them out. The physical act of writing will help you remember more.As you study, do a physical activity. Shoot hoops while someone quizzes you. Or, jump rope.  Use manipulatives to solve math problems whenever possible.  Build or craft models of items you need to remember or visit physical spaces to cement the idea in your head. Youll remember the bones of the body much better if you touch each part of your body as you learn them, for instance.   Tap Into Your Musical Intelligence With These  Study Tricks Set a long list or chart to a favorite tune. For example, if you have to learn the periodic table of elements, try setting the names of the elements to The Wheels on the Bus or Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star.If you have particularly tough words to remember, try saying their names with different pitches and volumes.  Have a long list of poets to remember? Assign a noise (a clap, a wrinkled paper, a stomp) to each.  Play lyric-free music when you study so the lyrics dont compete for brain space.   Multiple Intelligences Vs. Learning Style The theory that you have many ways of being intelligent is different from Neil Flemings VAK theory of learning styles. Fleming states that there were three (or four, depending on which theory is used) dominant learning styles: Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic. Check out this learning styles quiz to see which one of those learning styles you tend to use most!

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Gargoyle Essay - 928 Words

Gargoyle A Gargoyle is a grotesquely carved human or animal figure found on an architectural structure, originally designed (believe it or not) to serve as a spout to throw rainwater clear of a building. They later became strictly ornamental and assumed many forms. The Natural and Unnatural History of Gargoyles The gargoyle often makes his perch On a cathedral or a church Where, mid eclesiastic style He smiles an early Gothic smile Oliver Herford Welcome. Your are about to meet a peculiar race of creatures which inhabited the great cathedrals of the Middle Ages, proliferating between the 11th and 13th centuries. Some of their decendants have ventured away from churches, migrating to other important buildings, but†¦show more content†¦You will see a lot of heads that have become detached from their bodies. This harks back to the 5th Century Celts who were, in fact, head-hunters. They worshipped the heads that they had severed, believing them to hold a powerful force. If you make eye contact with one, you may find out that this is true. Figures of ambiguous gender and species are frequently encountered in the world of gargoyles. Ancient people were no different from people today in finding amalgrams of male/female or human/animal bodies somewhat frightening. Pagan religion existed to confront and surmount chaos and danger. Chaos is represented by lifeforms which do not fit into known categories. You will find that an inordinate number of gargoyles have their mouths wide open and their tongues protruding. Why? The mouth pulled open is a frequent symbol of devouring giants. In order to convey size in a small sculpture, much smaller figures are placed next to the giant. The act of pulling the mouth open is a threatening gesture which serves to remind us that we are vulnerable to forces larger than ourselves. The Celts often depicted a human head entwined with foliage. Branches coming from the mouth or crowning the head were a sign of divinity. Often, the branches are of the oak tree which was sacred to the Druids. Images like this have come to be called Jack OGreen or The Green Man Fertility was theShow MoreRelatedThe Gargoyle1577 Words   |  7 Pagesnovel The Gargoyle, the author, Andrew Davidson, explores the idea of eternal love between two people, a union that spans over centuries spent both together and apart. Davidson, through the use of flashbacks, intricate plot development and foreshadowing, and dynamic characterization, creates a story that challenges the reader’s preconceived notions regarding whether eternal love can survive even when time’s inevitable grasp separates the individuals in question. The story of The Gargoyle introducesRead MoreThe Legends Of Gargoyle. Gargoyle1476 Words   |  6 Pages The legends of gargoyle Gargoyle is a place that lies deep in to the earth’s core but not all the way down but just close. The place is very hot so the rocks melted and created these rock guardians that love the hot weather. They love to destroy and crush and they created something that no one would ever imagine. Their own little world that looks so cool because they have lava fountains. The Rock Guardians were so lonely that they created 4,509 creatures like them by putting the rocks in the lavaRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The Metal Monster Essay1496 Words   |  6 Pagesof them, told Maliki why. He got out of the car a step behind Ross, and then walked over to a huge hulking gargoyle. Ross whistled, â€Å"Wow, he’s a beast. Where do you think he came from? He might have fallen off a truck or something. Can we keep it dad?† Maliki simply scowled at the human’s ridiculous banter. His slight form was dwarfed, as he stood defiantly in front of the huge gargoyle warrior. Maliki crossed his arms over his chest, as he stared down the ancient creature. No doubt, this oneRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem The Dust 1201 Words   |  5 Pagesgetting so much better. One day grandpa had received a letter, from the museum of ultra art. With a request to sculpt one perfect gargoyle in the next week for a huge cash reward. So proud he ran around unaware of anything going on until he slipped on wet ice. He fell so hard on the ground you could hear the crack in his arm and the floor. Oh no I have to sculpt the gargoyle. Grandpa shows me the granite and I freak. I ve never tried this. Who knows I might fail? But I crammed that into the backRead MoreFar From the Madding Crowd Essay1403 Words   |  6 Pagesin tension shown by the horrific description of the gargoyle and the increasing velocity of the liquid parabola it spouts into Fannys grave. Increasing the readers apprehension before the final scene of series 10 in which Troys Adventures by the shore nearly result in his death. Gothic tradition is highlighted in this scene by detailed description of the churchs architecture, for example the exceptionally prominent gargoyles. Included in the churchs decoration, as they had becomeRead MoreAnalysis Of The Glass Hill2091 Words   |  9 Pages You finally get to the top of the hill, sweat on your brow, relieved the house is still standing there unbroken by your interference. You see a gate and there are gargoyles scattered around its perimeter. There is nothing terrifying about them, it’s just that their faces look odd and unappealing. If you closely examine the gargoyle though, you notice all the careful technique that went into making it. While observing it, you notice that there’s a latch under its chin. You pull it and a key fallsRead MoreThe History of the Gargoyle: Architectural Significance to Ornamental Choice1026 Words   |  5 Pages The History of the Gargoyle: Architectural significance to Ornamental choice Introduction This research paper is based on a combination of architecture and sculpture, precisely the gargoyle. The inspiration for topic was grasped from a past production paper question which requested that one create a gargoyle spout inspired by a Caribbean cultural aspect. This question deeply intrigued me, providing themes for both a sculpture piece and my research paper. This paper is seeks to present the transitionRead MoreThe Patterns Of Gothic Architecture755 Words   |  4 Pagesstyle were designed with thick walls allowing for few windows. As a result, they were mostly dark, signifying God as a mysterious force; the Latin phrase for this is mysterium tremendum. Another feature of Gothic architecture is of gargoyles on exterior walls. A gargoyle is a spout carved in the shape of a grotesque figure, which hang over the roof of a structure. These decorative additions are symbolic of evil, and they are placed on the outside of the church to represent the church as a place sacredRead MoreEssay Catoon Violence1043 Words   |  5 Pagesaverage child spends approximately twenty-eight hours a week watching television, which is twice as much time as they spend in schoolquot; (Baby Bag Online). In analyzing the cartoons, quot;Tom and Jerry,quot; quot;The Lion King,quot; quot;Gargoyles,quot; and quot;Pokemon,quot; concerned people will see that the types of violence range from emotional abuse such as name calling, yelling, and put downs, to physical abuse such as bullying, pushing, punching, and kicking which is more violenceRead More Romanesque and Gothic Architecture Essay1144 Words   |  5 Pagesthe massiveness of the Romanesque monuments and the introduction of the cruciform plan but also for the introduction of the Gothic era art within the Cathedrals which included the inclusion of art the radiating Rose Window, column figures and the gargoyle among many others. Within Europe, there was a progression of architectural styles, many of which are still evident in the monuments today. The major styles are considered as Carolingian (800-900 AD); Ottonian (1000s); Romanesque (1000s-1100s);

Yoga, Meditation, And Meditation - 933 Words

Research has been conducted to show that yoga, mantram, mindfulness, and meditation, are interventions that are inexpensive and takes a short period of time to learn and implement to immediate results of relaxation. Symptoms of trauma victims like depression, anxiety, and pain are reduced when these interventions are practiced and implemented. Although a limitation of the study is that the individuals were mostly men in the military, the study illustrates that proper implementation can assist clients like Jessica. Moreover, yoga, mantra, mindfulness, and meditation can decrease difficulty with sleeping, anger, irritation, and isolation. The group nature of yoga brings a community of people together to incorporate meditation through various stretches. This positive network can increase the ability for clients to increase positive support and experience safety in a positive environment. It can increase motivation, interest, and reduce isolation. Another positive outcome of yoga, mantram, and mindfulness is that clients can incorporate these techniques into their daily schedule with ease, while reducing symptoms and increasing trust, safety, and the ability to coexist with others. The Use of Mindfulness in Trauma Counseling The article identifies the new emergence of mindfulness in trauma counseling. Historically, mindfulness has been utilized in all forms of counseling. However, implementing in a therapeutic process with a client who has experienced trauma hasShow MoreRelatedYog Yoga And Meditation753 Words   |  4 PagesYoga and Meditation The term â€Å"Yoga† has been derived from ye Sanskrit word, â€Å"Yuji† which means union. Through this exercise, a union of the mind and body with a sense of harmony and consciousness is achieved. Yoga is also universal. Yoga is used by many to help with health issues, and an overall feeling of wellness. Even known to help with some cancers. Yoga is not used just for religious purposes. Yoga has been said to have originated in India, before the coming of Christ. Yoga and MeditationRead MoreEssay on The Benefits of Yoga Meditation1570 Words   |  7 PagesThe Benefits of Yoga and Meditation In today’s environment, many people are suffering with the stress and anxiety of day to day living and are finding themselves unable to cope with life’s little emergencies. Prescription drugs are on the rise due to the increasing need for people to deal with their stress and anxiety. However, many people are searching for ways to be less stressed and live a happy and healthy life without drugs. If stress and anxiety are getting the best of you, then think aboutRead MoreYoga Sutras And Early Buddhist Meditation1118 Words   |  5 Pages Both the Yoga sutras and early Buddhist meditation studies the eightfold or eight limbs practices and principles. The eightfold of the early Buddhist meditation practices includes the right view, right resolve, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. The eight limbs of Yoga sutra meditation similarly practices five restraints, five observances, postures, breath control, control of the senses, concentration, contemplation, and meditativeRead MoreTransform Your Life With Yoga And Meditation1403 Words   |  6 PagesTransform Your Life with Yoga And Meditation! MariaJohnson By MariaJohnson May 2, 2013 Yoga and meditation have been a crucial part of history. If you think yoga is about twisting and bending your body, then it s time to see it in a new light. In simpler form it is a combination of asanas, pranayamas, and meditation. Yoga and meditation are two important aspects that complement each other. Meditation is a crucial part of yoga sessions and one of its five principles; after-all being mentally fitRead MoreThe Therapeutic Benefits Of Yoga And Mindfulness Meditation3027 Words   |  13 PagesThe Therapeutic Benefits of Yoga and Mindfulness Meditation We live in a world today in which we are continuously looking for the â€Å"new thing.† With the speed of technological advances in our society, individuals have become accustomed to reading up on the newest, most-innovative-to-date jet plane, new shoes with new technology for speed and agility, and, of course, new iPhones coming out twice a year with cool new applications. The common word here is ‘new’ and it is a simple syllable that hasRead MoreThe Brahma Kumaris Meditation Center963 Words   |  4 PagesBrahma Kumaris meditation center to learn more about what meditation consists of and expand my knowledge on why this is a big part in the Hindu religion. In class we I learned about the different types of yoga that is practiced in Hinduism. Jhana yoga, Bhakti yoga, Karma yoga, and Raja yoga are the different types of yoga practiced and I had some sort of understanding on what I would possibly see in the meditation session. I did some research on what the Br ahma Kumaris meditation center was aboutRead MoreThe Need For Mindfulness Practices1562 Words   |  7 Pages The Need for Mindfulness Practices in Our Education System Sharereh Vakili Dastjerd Dr. Weldon PSYC 101 December 09, 2014 â€Æ' Sharereh Vakili Dastjerd Dr. Weldon PSYC 101 09 December, 2014 Need of Meditation and Yoga in Our Education System If you are like millions around the world, you may be frustrated with the state of the education system. A system which leaves us in debt, grants degrees that do not guarantee jobs or happiness, earns us only ordinary jobs that are not fulfilling;Read MoreIsabella Vigil . Mr.Short . College Composition . 19 March848 Words   |  4 PagesComposition 19 March 2017 A Spiritual Gain but a Financial Lose Meditation has always been seen as a way to keep the mind and soul healthy. Mediation dates back to 1500 BCE originating in Ancient India. The practice soon started to expand and adapt to other cultures around the world. Some of the earliest references to meditation are found in the Hindu scriptures and it was around the 6th to 5th centuries that other forms of meditation developed into Confucian, Taoist China, and Buddhist India (Taham)Read More Various religions Essay641 Words   |  3 Pagesnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Throughout the Hindu and Christian religion various rituals are performed by followers. These rituals allow the followers to celebrate in their beliefs. The most popular practice performed in almost every religion is prayer and or meditation. Prayer and meditation allow followers to come together and praise a God or gods. Hinduism has commonly been viewed as a polytheistic religion, one that worships multiple deities: gods and goddesses, while Christianity is a Monoth eistic tradition. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;HindusRead MoreComparing Buddhism And The Bhagavad1453 Words   |  6 Pagesearly Buddhism is how yoga and meditation are practiced. In the Gita, three kinds of yoga are described by Krishna. Jnana yoga, which is the discipline of knowledge, karma yoga, the discipline of action, and bhakti yoga, the discipline of devotion are all described in the Gita. Jnana yoga, also known as samkhya teaches that accurate philosophical knowledge can lead you down the path to liberation if it is combined with asceticism or renunciation. In the Gita, Krishna uses jnana yoga in order to help Arjuna

Role of Ethics in Projects

Question: Discuss about theRole of Ethics in Projects. Answer: Introduction: Ethics is an important concept that plays a significant role in every single field. There are many industries and organizations that work on hundreds and thousands of projects on a simultaneous basis. The element of ethics is something that must always be maintained in the project activities. The document covers the concept of ethics along with the ethical issues that are seen in the accounting and software projects. The impact and role of presence and absence of ethics on the decision making activities in the project along with the role of Professional Engineer in the same has also been discussed in the project. Concept of Ethics Ethics is an area of study that evaluates the correctness of an activity on the basis of the ethical grounds. There are a number of different factors that contribute towards the evaluation process and many theories have been developed to perform the judgment (Resnik, 2016). The ethical theories that have been developed for evaluating the ethical correctness of an act differ from one to another as each one of them is based upon different set of principles. For instance, theory of Deontology judges an activity on the basis of its adherence to a particular duty whereas Virtue Ethics gives priority to the character of the person behind the execution. (www.philosophybasics.com, 2016). Ethical Issues in Advertising Projects Advertising industry and the projects that are associated with the same are a part of every country. These advertisements are brought out to the public using the tele media and the print media. With the increase in the competitors in the market for every single product, there is a race among the organizations to score ahead of the other in the advertising world. The same goal leads to violations of ethics and some of the issues have been pointed out as below. Truth is an element that must always be present in all the components of an activity as per all the ethical theories. An activity will never be considered ethically correct of the element of truth goes missing from the same. Advertising projects often violate this simple rule of ethics by intentionally excluding complete truth from the advertisements that they design. In order to make the product more appealing there are features that are included that make it unique from the rest of the competitors and some of the important details are kept hidden. For example, many of the advertisements of the health drinks show only those ingredients that are good from the health perspective but do not include the additional details such as preservatives and likewise (Singal Kamra, 2016). Companies often hide the information that is associated with the price of the product or the warranty information which is only revealed at the time of purchase. The same is ethically incorrect as well. There has been an increase in the unethical comparison that is made by the companies in their advertisements. There are a number of brands and organizations that develop a similar product. Brands often adapt the strategy of indirectly telling the flaws of other competitor in their advertisements by showcasing the flaws of the same. The activity stands ethically incorrect as it includes the case of defamation and the implications will be negative for the other brand (A.G.N., 2010). Environment and human health is something that is always believed to be an asset. It is always told that one should try his or her best to keep these two elements protected at all times and at all places. However, there are a certain products that cause harm to either the human health or the environment and in spite of being well aware about the same; the products are being widely advertised. For instance, alcohol, tobacco and similar products have many advertisements for different brands. Such an activity is completely unethical in nature (VICTOR, 2016). Advertisements are meant to engage more and more customers and allow the product to gain popularity in the market. Some of the brands make use of vulgar or obscene content to promote its products which is completely incorrect as per the principles of ethics (www.ccny.cuny.edu, 2016). Ethical Issues inSoftware Projects Software projects include a number of components, phases and activities that involves varied number of resources. Due to the presence of so many entities, there are often ethical issues that are seen in these projects that may harm the environment and the human race as well. There are a number of codes of conduct that have been designed to maintain ethics in the projects and the same by IEEE is one of them. The code includes a number of principles which say the public interest should always come at the top priority for the project resources, the interest of the clients must always be maintained, best practices and standards must be followed, team spirit must be maintained and the management should always follow the ethical practices in the project (Gotterbarn and Miller, 2016). There are a number of ethical issues around the privacy of the data and the information that is involved in the software projects. For analytics and Business Intelligence activities, data is collected from different sources and this data may or may not be private in nature. When the same is amalgamated as a single unit, the privacy of the data is often compromised. It is thus considered to be ethically correct as there is a violation of one of the most important properties of the data and the consequences of the same can be fatal. The other area in which there are a number of ethical issues involved in the software projects is the accuracy of the data (Crnkovic Feldt, 2016). There are many projects in which the requirements gathering and analysis phase is not correctly executed and the same causes major re-work down the project timeline. The act is ethically incorrect as the implications of the same are negative. Also, the scenario of information filtering is unethical. Access and authentication are also the areas that are home to many ethical issues. There are employees in different projects that allow a fellow peer from other project or a friend to get access to the project environment or information which is unauthorized in nature from the perspective of the project. Such an activity may or may not have negative effect but the same is ethically incorrect (Thomson Schmoldt, 2016). Ethical issues also exist in the area specific to the data authority and data ownership. There are often scenarios when the ownership is provided to the category of users that should not have received the same or there is negligence or inadequate knowledge involved behind the same. Such an act is evaluated as ethically incorrect because of the implications and the intent that is involved. Also, the same does not adhere to the legal and regulatory policies that are defined to keep the assets protected. Software projects also include the domains or specific set of requirements in a particular project that may harm the environment. IT is something that is involved with every sector in the present scenario. Software firms receive the projects from many different domains and areas and the same can be negatively impacts from the perspective of environment safety. For instance, design and development of a construction project using IT tools for planning phase in the area that is not safe for construction will cause harm to the human beings as well as to the environment. There are also ethical issues that are majorly involved in the implementation phase of the project. Testing activity may bring up some of the critical defects present in the software piece that has been developed. The resolution of the same may take a lot of time which may affect the due deadline for the project. In such cases, managers and leaders often implement and release the defective software among the customers and soon upgrade the build. The activity is ethically incorrect as the customer shall always be made available with the product that functions as per the requirements and is free from all the critical and major defects. Decision Making in Projects Ethical theories and the codes of conduct have been designed to make sure that the industries follow ethical practices in all of their projects and activities. In the advertising projects, the primary aim in every project is to allow the product to reach out to maximum number of customers and develop a strong hold and position in the market. In the race to succeed and come ahead of every other competitor, the brands often forget the ethical practices and norms that must be followed. It is such scenarios when the ethical theories and professional codes of conduct come in the picture. These theories and codes allow the advertisers to stick to a certain guidelines to come up as winners along with the complete adherence to the ethics and morals. The same goes down for the software projects as well. IEEE and other guiding bodes have developed standards and the codes of conduct so that the leaders and managers find it easy to manage the projects as per the guides specified in the same. There are a number of different project management and development methodologies in the software world. There are also decisions involved regarding the set of tools and equipment that must be utilized along with the resource allocation. With the presence of so many decisions and management activities, ethical theories and professional code of conduct make it easy for the managers to maintain adherence in the aspect of ethics and morals. Conclusion Ethics is a concept or an area of study that has its applications across industries and projects. There are many ethical theories that are followed all across the globe in order to maintain the concept of ethics in all the activities and the projects. The task to maintain the same can be extremely tedious in the absence of a resource to look upon the same. Professional Engineer is a resource that serves the purpose by being exceptionally trained in the respect of ethics and is also deployed to keep a check on all the activities to make sure that ethical practices are followed in each and every one of them. Professional Engineer is made part of the project team to make sure that ethical compliance is maintained at all times and also to point out the violations that have been made intentionally or accidentally. There are special trainings that are provided to this resource to perform such an activity. The knowledge and experience of the Professional Engineer can also be utilized to tra in the other resources of the team to make their expertise in the same field. Professional Engineer can also organize and conduct sessions in a formal and informal manner to generate awareness about the ethical practices in the organization. In the absence of the Professional Engineer or the professional code of ethics or both from a project, there can be some serious consequences. There will be no guiding line present in order to adhere to during the execution of the project activities. There will also be reduction in the ethical compliance of the project and of the organization as a whole which may have a negative impact on the reputation of the same. There are leads and managers engaged with the projects who have lesser experience to deal with the ethical issues. The professional code of conduct and ethics comes to rescue under such circumstances and the absence of the same can have a significant role on the decision making and the productivity that is associated with the projects. References A.G.N.,. (2010). Ethics in Advertising. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 40(3), 277. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC537048/ Crnkovic, G. Feldt, R. (2016). Professional and Ethical Issues of Software Engineering Curricula. Retrieved 28 August 2016, from https://edu.technion.ac.il/Faculty/OritH/HomePage/HAOSE_OOPSLA_Workshop/Papers/Dodig-Crnkovic.pdf Gotterbarn, D. Miller, K. (2016). Computer Society and ACM Approve Software Engineering Code of Ethics. Retrieved 28 August 2016, from https://www.computer.org/cms/Publications/code-of-ethics.pdf Resnik, D. (2016). What is Ethics in Research Why is it Important?. Retrieved 28 August 2016, from https://courses.washington.edu/bethics/Homepage/What%20is%20Ethics%20in%20Research%20%20Why%20is%20it%20Important_.pdf Singal, R. Kamra, G. (2016). Ethical Issues in Advertising. Retrieved 28 August 2016, from https://www.ijmser.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Paper7689-694.pdf Thomson, A. Schmoldt, D. (2016). Ethics in computer software design and development. Retrieved 28 August 2016, from https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/VT_Publications/01t7.pdf Victor, S. (2016). Ethics in Advertisingand Marketing in the Dominican Republic: InterrogatingUniversal Principles of Truth, Human Dignity, andCorporate SocialResponsibility. Ideals.illinois.edu. Retrieved 28 August 2016, from https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/42418/Salvador_Victor.pdf?sequence=1 www.ccny.cuny.edu,. (2016). Advertising Ethics and Principles. Retrieved 28 August 2016, from https://www.ccny.cuny.edu/sites/default/files/adpr/upload/Advertising-Code-of-Ethics.pdf www.philosophybasics.com,. (2016). Virtue Ethics - By Branch / Doctrine - The Basics of Philosophy. Philosophybasics.com. Retrieved 28 August 2016, from https://www.philosophybasics.com/branch_virtue_ethics.html

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

history of modern psychoanalytic thought.

Question: Discuss about the history of modern psychoanalytic thought. Answer: The paper critically evaluates the characters of the movie Three men and a baby, where the central character is the baby and the importance is given to the men-baby relationship nexus. Therefore, an attempt is made to examine the nature of their relationship with the infant by using the relevant theories from the field of psychology, such as John Bowlbys attachment theory, Erk Eriksons trust vs mistrust theory, Harry Harlows theory and Sigmund Freuds theory of child and adolescent development. At the same time, the paper explores the integration of the psychological theories and cinematic situations. To start with, the paper uses the psychological theories and weaves them into the writing. It makes an attempt to relate the theories with the particular situations from the popular cinema, Three men and a baby. As it is known, the movie revolves around three doting and charming fathers, who worked strenuously to parent a few months old infant. In this piece, it is not indispensable to summarize the plot of the movie Three men and a baby. Without delving into the plot, the paper conceptualizes some significant theories and analyzes the central character (infant) by extrapolating the theories to the situations. Erik Erikson adumbrated a theory of cognitive development that emphasizes the development of children in a predetermined fashion. Erikson's theory of psychological development has eight varied stages. The first stage of development is regarded as trust vs mistrust' (Erikson, 2014). The first stage is indispensable, as it witnesses the gradual evolution of an infant from a new-born to a fledgling child. This is the nascent stage of child's development, as during this time the trusting capacity of a child starts to develop. The child begins to develop faith in the service of the caretaker (parenting members), as he knows that his hunger for food will be satiated. At the same time, then the trust factor is depended on the quality and stable performance of the parenting members. As the child develops the trust factor, he feels more safe and comfortable, providing that he gets his food on time. The successful depiction of the stage (trust vs mistrust) is apparent in the movie, Three men a nd a baby. In the movie, the three men started to take an excellent care of the baby (like a mother substitute) and the baby began to grow faith in them. Consequently, the baby learned to trust them in the meantime. Using the attachment theory, developed by the renowned psychologists John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth, the paper dissects the parenting role of the three men and assesses its impact on the development of the child (Three men and a baby). The attachment theory unravels that the term attachment' is defined as an incessant psychological association with the most favorite person, who acts as an affectionate figure to the person. Likewise, an infant considers mother' the most doting and compassionate figure, as she nurtures the baby and gives him proper affection. Hence, the baby is inextricably linked with his mother through emotion. In the film, Three men and a baby the role of three men is instrumental in nourishing the infant and keeping the infant girl in a comfortable fold. Subsequently, the baby girl developed a clinging factor and was greatly attached to the men. In the movie, the three men assumed the role of the mother substitute and gave proper affection to the growing baby girl. Therefore, Bowlbys maternal attachment theory gets a new shape, as it supports father affection over his counterpart (Goldberg et al., 2013). By deploying Harry Harlow's theory', the paper analyses three men and baby bonding in a detailed manner. The psychologist, Harry F. Harlow deliberated on the experiment with monkeys. They were isolated from their real mothers and were raised by the surrogate mothers. In the experiment, both wire mother and cloth mother were used. Even if the wire mother was the source of nourishment, the monkey developed a level of proximity with the cloth monkey. These infant monkeys were reared by the surrogate mothers until the time of adulthood. Using the Harlow's theory of maternal separation, the paper assesses the role of the three men in nurturing the baby girl. In the movie, the baby girl was isolated from her mother in the first lap. In the second segment of the film, she was fondly raised by three men or (surrogate mother) and played the crucial role in the baby's life. The baby started to develop a feeling of closeness for three men. A sense of attachment and bonding is encapsulated in th e narrative. In the movie, three men worked tirelessly to win over the infant girl and replaced the place of real mother' with ease. Therefore, the theory of Harry Harlow can easily be related to the cinematic situation of the above-mentioned film, Three men and a baby. The next theory, Sigmund Freuds theory of childhood development plays a significant role in addressing the research issues. Freuds theory of childhood development comprises five stages i.e. oral stage, anal stage, phallus stage, latency stage and the stage of puberty. The final stage leads to the smooth transition to the stage of adulthood. By using the base of the Freuds theory, the paper examines the central character and its association with the peripheral characters of the movie, Three men and a baby. Freuds theory of childs development puts an emphasis on particular demand and requirements. The psychologist, Sigmund Freud reflects light on the psychosocial behavioral trend of human beings. He elucidates that at specific stages the individuals have specific needs that need to be accomplished. At any stage, the discontent of the child would lead to the onset of the mental disorder (Freud et al., 2015). In the movie, Three men and a baby, the baby girl started to whine, if she was abandoned by the parenting members. Therefore, the needs of the child should be satisfied, by giving her food. Otherwise, it might distort her development at any stage (Vaughan Rodriguez, 2013). The peripheral characters (three men) worked strenuously to satisfy the needs of the baby, knowing the fact that they were the misfit in the role. In the recent time, the film historians and essayists reflect on the psychological perspective of child-centric or women-centric films. The film, Three men and a Baby bears a psychological plot. The film revolves around a few months old baby, who is reared by three young bachelor men, living together in the United States of America. The film juxtaposes theories and practice. In the process, the filmmaker, Leonard Nimoy, scrupulously used and implemented the psychological theories (Erik Eriksons theory, John Bowlbys and Mary Ainsworth theory, Harry Harlows theory and Sigmund Freuds theory of childhood development). By interpolating these fundamental psychological theories, the director of the film Three men and a baby made it a sensational one (Vaughan Rodriguez, 2013). However, the most important psycho-social theory that was interestingly weaved into the film, Erik Eriks theory trust vs mistrust. In many films, babies play significant plot devices, inasmuch they can spawn enough excitement and mirth. If Erik Erikson's theory of trust vs mistrust' holds to be true, then the baby should not be left to the party-goers and rampant three bachelor men, as shown in the film Three men and a baby. However, the film takes an enthralling turn when the full-grown three adult men began to take a very good care of the baby. Sometimes, they even played more handsomely than the usual mother figure' (Mitchell Black, 2016). These three men of the above-mentioned film nursed the baby extremely well, even better than her mother. Consequently, three men easily gained the confidence of the baby and she started to trust them. The baby became convinced of the fact that she would not remain hungry, as they would definitely feed her on time (Mitchell Black, 2016).Therefo re, the Erik Erikson's theory of trust vs mistrust' is beautifully delineated in the film Three men and a baby. At the same time, John Bowlby's theory of attachment plays a crucial role in molding the central character (infant) in the film Three men and a baby. In the course of the film, the baby developed a strong sense of attachment for three men, who nursed her gently and gave her utmost affection. Subsequently, the baby developed a liaison with three men and responded to their affection with ease (Bowlby Ainsworth, 2013). Based on Harry Harlow's theory of maternal separation, the director of the film brought in an interesting angle in it. The baby was separated from her mother in the first segment. Subsequently, she was reared by three men, who played the role of surrogate mother' (Versaci, 2016). At the same time, Sigmund Freuds theory of childhood development was apparent in the film. The first stage or the oral stage was depicted, where the baby was seen suckling all possible soft items at the house (Otto Keller, 2014).Bereft of the joy of the maternal satisfaction, the baby was left with three men. However, three men play a cardinal role in rearing the baby. Speaking briefly, the film bears a path-breaking plot, bolstered by psychological theories. References Bowlby, J., Ainsworth, M. (2013). The origins of attachment theory.Attachment Theory: Social, Developmental, and Clinical Perspectives,45. Erikson, E. H. (2014). Eriksons major works.Encyclopedia of Theory Practice in Psychotherapy Counseling, 166. Freud, S., Marullo, R., Einstein, A. (2015). RE-THINKING PSYCHOTHERAPY.Thinking about Thinking: Cognition, Science, and Psychotherapy, 221. Goldberg, S., Muir, R., Kerr, J. (2013).Attachment theory: Social, developmental, and clinical perspectives. Routledge. Mitchell, S. A., Black, M. (2016).Freud and beyond: A history of modern psychoanalytic thought. Basic Books. Otto, H., Keller, H. (Eds.). (2014).Different faces of attachment: Cultural variations on a universal human need. Cambridge University Press. Vaughan, M. D., Rodriguez, E. M. (2013). The Influence of Erik Erikson on Positive Psychology Theory and Research. InPositive Psychology(pp. 231-245). Springer New York. Versaci, R. (2016). Attachment performs: Framing attachment theory within the dramatic worldview.Drama Therapy Review,2(2), 223-237.